Diabetes, Inflammation and Wound Healing
One of the greatest dangers of any form of diabetes is the risk of slower wound healing for the patient. Guarding against wounds that heal slowly and ensuring they don’t deteriorate further is critical to your health.
That more than 60% of non-traumatic lower limb amputations occur in diabetics points to several side effects of the disease of which many may be unaware.
- Poor circulation
- Hardening or narrowing of the arteries
- Nerve damage (diabetic neuropathy)
- Loss of feeling in arms and legs
- Inability to feel pain
High glucose (blood sugar) means poor circulation. Lack of proper circulation means less oxygen and nutrients to the site. This causes cell death that leads to nerve damage. Sensation or the ability to feel pain is lowered in the limbs.
A small cut, a blister, or even an insect bite may go unnoticed until infection has set in. High glucose levels compromise the immune system, making it more difficult for white blood cells to do their job.
Infection can quickly spread out of control, causing severe damage to the limbs due to sepsis (toxins or bacteria from the infection are released into the blood), gangrene (localized death of body tissue due to poor circulation or infection), or osteomyelitis (inflammation of the bones or bone marrow caused by infection).
Research recently released from Boston Children’s Hospital confirmed that inflammation plays a pivotal role in diabetic wound healing. While inflammation is a natural response by your immune system after injury to stop bleeding, control infection, and aid healing, too much of an inflammatory response has the opposite effect.
The study, published in Nature Medicine, focused on neutrophils – immune cells that work to destroy bacteria present in a wound. However, these cells release a toxic compound of their own known as neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs).
NETs have been identified in patients with cardiovascular disease, chronic inflammation, and blood clots. Diabetics are predisposed to all of these conditions so an increase of NETs at the source of a wound is especially troubling. More research is needed to determine if diabetes itself is responsible for the production of NETs.
As I’ve stated many times before, inflammation and obesity that are left untreated will result in a host of much more severe issues. When it comes to chronic illness, these two risk factors go hand in hand.
You can stop the progression of disease, lower excessive inflammation in your cells, and slow the signs of aging by understanding that every part of you reacts to the foods you consume, the lifestyle you lead, and whether or not you take an active role in your health.
Slow wound healing is a common and dangerous aspect of all forms of diabetes. Since no less than 90% of diabetic patients have type II – which is preventable and reversible – you have the power to stop the overall damage that leads to wounds that will not heal.
*Post courtesy of Dr. Keith Scott-Mumby, “Britain’s Number One Allergy Detective”. Scott-Mumby has published several books in this field and been interviewed by the BBC and TV and radio stations worldwide, as a recognized expert in alternative health paradigms.
He is a professor of nutrition at the Open International University for Complementary Medicines, USA.